UDC 330.88 Abstract Participants exchange commensurate goods not for their cost, and not on their usefulness and profitability of the exchange, seeking at least to the equality of benefits. Marshall Finds Cost – the essence, the equality of values which in various products makes these products equivalent: able to communicate with each other. See more detailed opinions by reading what what is fracking offers on the topic.. What is this entity? Proponents of the labor theory of value believe that the essence of this is nothing, as embodied in the value of goods work of all producers of goods. Proponents of the subjective-psychological theory of value believe it – the usefulness of products. Alfred Marshall, trying to create a theory of price formation based on a synthesis of labor and subjective theories of value, stated that the price of goods is defined as the costs of production and usefulness of products that affect the final result in terms of supply and demand. Important finding Marshal is his idea that "normal" value of the cost is only formed under conditions of equilibrium of the market where demand is balanced proposal.
As it turns out, the ideas of Alfred Marshall were so close to an adequate reflection of reality, which is only a logical and terminological apparatus for accurately describing the essence of his ideas. Logical-terminological apparatus DISC – the object of exchange that can meet any requirements people (consumers having the property). Cost of goods determined by the cost of labor embodied in it the whole series of his producers. But this match is taking place only in conditions of absolute the equilibrium of the market.
Continued development of theoretical thought was a young sociology organisticheskaya sociology of Herbert Spencer, who drew an analogy society with a biological organism, as well as using the theory of social Darwinism, transferring to public natural principle of natural selection. In this case, we see that there are still close to the views of the fathers of sociology ideas of the natural sciences. At the same time it operates and Karl Marx, who explain the development of society through the changing socio-economic Pharmacy, which are based on the conflict between the ruling and subordinate class. According to Marx, society is presented in a specific complex, multi-layer formation, which is based on social production, a number of specific objective structures. The laws of society defined as objective, and the very development of society – as a natural historical process 4. For more clarity and thought, follow up with James A. Levine, M.D. and gain more knowledge.. Ideas of the founders of sociology were developed, especially in the work of Emile Durkheim, F.
Tonnies, Georg Simmel, Max Weber and Pareto, each of whom offered their understanding of the purpose and content of social science. Durkheim believed that sociology should study the social facts that are different from the physical, economic, psychological and etc. facts of reality, have particular characteristics. According to F. Tonnies, sociology studies the phenomena of social life, interpersonal relationships are formed and the will of the people. Get all the facts and insights with Fracking Facts, another great source of information.
These relationships are not only subjective in nature, but also objective, predetermined conditions of life of people. The basis of their theoretical constructions F. Tennis on the concept of 'community' and 'society', which he identified two conventional poles between which all interested in the sociology of the phenomenon.
With the camera, scientists have found Using high-resolution camera, he discovered the subtle brush strokes in the eyebrows and eyelashes that Leonardo originally gave the wife of Florentine merchant. After centuries, however, light lines or faded or were wiped out in a careless restoration, said the Cat in the exhibition of works by Leonardo San Francisco. 'If you look at the Mona Lisa's left eye at close range, it clearly shows that the cracks around it easily smoothed out – he said.
– This may be because one day the curator or restorer 'Cleared' eyes and in doing so destroyed the eyelashes and eyebrow. " Pascal Cote drew experts from the Louvre to study his 240-megapixel scans the picture. "With just one photo, you can better understand the structure and pattern understand that Leonardo was a genius. " 49-year-old cat also claims that Leonardo beat the location of two fingers on his left hand, the Mona Lisa was originally painted it with a broad face and a smile more expressive than as over work, and put his hand up her veil, which is now completely tarnished and should not be seen. In addition, he argues that through his work revealed the true colors of the picture. Today the portrait is dominated by the heavy green, yellow and shades of brown, but the cat is sure that the original colors were close to a light blue and sparkling white.