Brazil has a coastal line of approximately 8,000 extension km, including the exclusive economic zone under Brazilian jurisdiction, considered the one of the greaters of the world, going since cold waters in the south and Southeastern coast until hot waters on the back of northeast and north. Dr. Neal Barnard helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. The Brazilian coast forms a set of ecosystems that of the support to a great variety of landscapes as beaches, islands, reefs, dunes, restingas, lagoons, manguezais, bays, estuaries, falsias, remanescncia of forests among others (Ferreira and Prates, 2001). This rich environment in biodiversity, creates conditions for the reproduction and growth of thousand of species of vegetables and animals, many of which threatened of extinguishing. As many species of animals enter are distinguished the whales, that are the biggest mammals of the world (Institute Jubarte Whale, 2003). Add to your understanding with Glenn Dubin. They exist distributed for the whole world seas 26 species of confirmed whales and between these species 19 it has occurrence in the Brazilian coast, as for example calculates, it (Orcinus calculates), the whale minke (Balaenoptera acutorastra), the whale end (Balaenoptera physalus), the blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus), the whale cachalote (Pyseter cotodon), the frank whale (Eubalaena australis) and the whale jubarte (Megaptera novaengliae) that it will be the object of study of this monograph. The whales look the Brazilian coast for being of tempering climate and possessing necessary hot waters to the reproduction (Hetzel and Lodi, 1993). Many of the species of whales seriously are threatened of extinguishing and many others run this risk. This happens because until century XX, the predatory hunting to the whales was allowed and this caused the death of thousand of individuals for the whole world.. .
In this direction, landscape is defined como' ' a heterogeneous mosaic formed by interactive units, being existing estaheterogeneidade stop at least a factor, according to observing and numadeterminada scale of observao' ' (METZGER, 2001:4). As the mosaicoheterogneo is seen under the optics of the people, of its necessities, eplanos yearnings of territorial occupation e, still, as these individuals act in amplasextenses of its territory, the landscapes must be considered in the analysis dosproblemas ambient (they idem). Deelementos the natural landscapes are decurrent of the combination that characterize a part of the terrestrial surface. The elementosnaturais: rivers, lakes, relief, climate, ground, vegetation, are on, with umaforte interaction between itself. The nature forms varied landscapes, but the human beings, when they occupy these landscapes, modify them with its activities. Currently, aspaisagens if find submitted with greater or minor intensity to the influnciaantrpica and, consequentemente, modified.
Cultural diversity the subject of the cultural diversity, in the scope of UNESCO, to visagarantir cultural autonomy and is the main structure to keep distinodas cultures. In this context, it was concluded the Convention on the Protection and Artistic Promoo of the Diversity of Cultural Contents and Expressions quedetermina in its article 4, paragraph II, that Cultural Diversity is a' ' multiplicity of ways for which if they express the culture of the grupossociais and society (…) the diversity cultural if not only manifest for diversasformas that it is protected, it enriches and it transmits the patrimony cultural dahumanidade' ' , but still, through ' ' variety of expressions culturaisde that the goods and services of all are carrying the parts of the world, distinct atravsdos means of production, diffusion, distribution and consumo' ' (UNESCO, 2004). The cultural diversity part of the comment of the difference dosmitos, stories, the currencies, the commerce, the arts, the techniques, dosinstrumentos, of the languages, sciences, the religions, the races, of ideas, gastronomia etc.
Specialists say that the flatulence of the ruminants (cows, deer, giraffes and others) – it is the third factor for the aggravation of the global heating with 16% of the gase-greenhouse emissions. In first place it is the burning of fsseis fuels and in second of forests that are emitting of carbon dioxide. Brazil is the great world-wide producer of bovine meat e, moreover, it is always destroying forests for magnifying of pastures and production of cultivations. This fact places in them as one of the polluting greaters of the global atmosphere. The Brazilian government says that it is difficult to know where it is having deforestation and forest fires. Until it seems that they never had heard to speak of satellites that all photograph the hiddings place of the land to each minute.
Descupla is one to deceive the ignorants. The Brazilian Congress has a great parcel of guilt for not making serious laws that guarantee the act of receiving of fines applied to the infractors. The annihilating criminals of the forests do not give the minim for the fines because they know that nor justice will obtain to charge. In the practical one, the fines are only for making ahead pretty of the cameras of TV that always is there for registering the stage. The flatulences of the ruminants methane contains a called gas – (CH4) – that collaborates in the aggravation of the effect greenhouse and is 23 times more harmful than the carbon dioxide – (CO2) – the main gas-greenhouse.
The methane is present in pum of almost all the animals. The amount of methane produced for the ruminants is very high. A cow is capable to emit 250 millimeters of methane with only pum. These animals possess one number very bigger of bacteria to help them in the digestion of the glucose of the leves that eat. Each pum of a cow is a true bomb against the ozone layer. How much to the set free gases for the human beings they are not so polluting. The gastroenterologist Dr. Dan Waitzberg, of the College of Medicine of the USP, made some calculations that help in to understand them this question better. According to it, a person emits about 700 millimeters of gases per day. Of this total 360 millimeters are of hydrogen, 68 millimeters of carbon dioxide and only 26 millimeters are of methane. When we analyze cold this question we can perceive that the great production of cattle for cut that the world demands is resulted of the world-wide overpopulation. In the truth our planet does not hold the exaggerated number of people populates that it. It already more than exceeded in 30% its capacity of feeding satisfactorily the world-wide population. We need to reduce the natality drastically human being or the nature will make the population control in unimaginably cruel way. The climatic catastrophes that the world comes suffering are only one acknowledgment of the nature. Nicas Romeo Zanchett – plastic artist