Scope of ceramic products is much broader than might appear at first glance: it's furnishings and garden sculpture. Often, it becomes the organizing principle ceramics in the formation of environmental space of man: the office, premises or landscape. Products made of baked clay are widespread and very ancient form of folk crafts. It uses readily available natural material. Different purpose glassware – pitchers, bowls, plates, jars, pots, and toys are the most typical products of the national production. Ways of making art pottery in the history of these products have undergone some changes.
Hand-molded vessels remained in some areas of our country so far. But the desire to improve and work to achieve an ideal shape of the vessel collected led to the use use the potter's lathe range, which stretches from a piece of raw clay subordinate to the principle of symmetry of the object. Subsequent changes in pottery of the machine for the transition from the rotation range of hand to foot drive, and then to the electromechanical motion. It works preserved to this day. At current production potter's lathe significantly supplanted by casting in plaster split forms. The liquid clay mass – slurry is poured into a form that absorbs moisture with plaster, the walls of the form as it is printed next vessel. Excess slip is poured in advance, leaving only a small layer of the masses. The resulting intermediate product is additional second jobs: the attachment of the handle and the spout if it is tea, trimming seams from the casting, decorating scratching, smoothing the surface – polishing, etc.
All these operations are performed on the raw shards. Upon completion of their product is dried. Art pottery is then fired. The concept of "art pottery" includes all types of products that run out of clay. Depending on the primary source of raw materials and additional components are terracotta, majolica, faience, porcelain, with the differences in appearance and on how to decorate. Terracotta has a light reddish-brown clay, which is not glazed. It is easy to receives moisture, so is mainly used for decorative items. I want to share with you his research in the field of artistic ceramics presented Svetlana Khitrovo on its site Art ceramics exhibited Svetlana Khitrovo has many Advantages. Ceramics can be in the interior of the house ipolzovat office villa. Pottery has artistic value as the author prepares it by hand. Sketches were taken from photographs of ceramics from the archaeological work on the basis of excavations of ancient settlements. Its products are presented in the form of whistles. Tin whistle since ancient times and even to the present time is a talisman against evil spirits dwelling and other vermin. Finally, just beautiful ceramics, Svetlana and original.
Even on ordinary days we are not spoiled by unnecessary square meters, and there, everywhere were randomly laid zamokshie piano parts, was unbearable odor resistant Chinese ink and the most unpleasant – I had nowhere to sleep. Putting the mattress directly into the bathroom, I went to sleep "without the hind legs," clocks the third hour of the night. (Source: PCRM). God had us on prochnost.Den second (April 22). The consequences of damage to wooden parts were more substantial than I thought originally. It took all day to dry and sizing keys hammers and shapes.
Almost all the leather and cloth figures detached parts, hammers, if they could call it that, had deteriorated. That is, at its bottom inset (gammershtilya) in the seat, spinning, glue was a dense mass of jelly. This circumstance is aggravated further their repair, as I had planned to remove the old glue and paste them with PVA, but the next morning found them priests "dead". In the process of transportation, some of them changed their position in the seat, and had to soak them again to change the angle of impact of the working part. Three gammershtilya soak failed, they broke. Part (12) hammers with drying, still in place, the first day of the locking clip broke off between the felt and the wooden part of the head (core) hammer. Subsequently, they had to be replaced. The day passed in a state of stress of cleaning work of dried mud hammers and sizing of small detaley.Den third (April 23).
Chisels – the main tool for carving. "I undertake a chisel," – says the carver. PCRM is often mentioned in discussions such as these. This means that he will work to create carvings in wood. It stresses that his main instrument of labor is not hacksaw, without which, too, can not do, and chisel. Therefore, we will discuss more detailed description of chisels, their form and purpose. Chisels, cutters can be divided into two groups: standard (conventional) produced industry, which sets can be purchased in trade. Non-standard.
Their master makes himself or ordered toolmaker in its conception. Consider the first group of chisels. Chisels straight. In width at Standard sets are usually 10, 20, 30 mm. Straight chisels can perform multiple operations, and relief carving, they are simply irreplaceable. Most of them suspension – 20 mm wide.
Chisels-jambs. Sometimes referred to as oblique chisels. This is a straight chisel, cut at an angle of 45 to 70 . The width of a chisel on the canvas less straight chisel, but due to the cutoff angle of the cutting portion (blade) to increase the blade straight. Bong is a major tool for contouring and geometric carvings. Semicircular gouges. Cloth a curved chisels depending on the radius. Curved line is nothing like a segment of a circle, the larger the radius circumference, the position line is a curved blade chisel. Semicircular chisels can be taken out and processed trough convex surface that is cut out different shapes seizure, as concave and convex. Semicircular chisels hold bracket notches and holes in geometric designs, and they are indispensable for the relief carving. Such gouges can be with zaovalennymi angles. Chisels-klyukarzy (from the hock). It is with curved blades paintings with a short part at the end. Working part klyukarz can be different widths and shapes. They are used to perform high relief, bas-and three-dimensional carving, wood for excavation in hard to reach places and for cleaning background in relief carving. Chisels-corners – it is like two pictures straight chisels, converging at an angle of 70 to 90 . Such gouges can be used successfully with excision of the dihedral recesses in the contour of the thread and places in geometry, but only need to cut along and across the grain of the wood. Chisels tseraziki – shape such as semicircular gouges, but it is a fine instrument with a blade width of 2-4 mm. They can be klyukarzami. Tserazikami conveniently cut grooves and notches in the contour of a groove and go in hard to reach areas of relief items.
Palmistry – (derived from the English. Palm – palm), this area of knowledge is a set of indicators and characteristics of the palm (from nails to pattern itself on the palm) reflect certain features of human development. At once the question arises – what is different from the widely known palmistry 'palmistry' – the answer is simple – in the approach. In the case of palmistry – this is a clear, factual and scientifically based approach to treatment and development of the human condition, so I consider Example: The cause of change may be the state of health: for example, poor blood circulation, the palm is pale, sometimes radiating a bluish tinge, in contrast with a bright, energetic people hands are almost always bright red, reflecting the rapid circulation. In the first case we are faced with the fact that an insufficient quantity of blood rushes to the essential parts of the body, and they lose their color and color in the second case we are faced with an excess in blood supply. The simplest example, which reflects the conclusions, and you can check out: enough to raise one hand while standing up, and the second drop down, then keep your hands in this position for about a minute thereof, then visually compare the color – hand that was raised – it will pale in color, and the palm, which had been omitted, will be dark red. Such examples are hundreds, most importantly understand that understand how it works, rather than build on the findings of lengthy reflection.